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中国的门文化
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中國的門文化

ZHONGGUODEMENWENHUA

   MEN,ZAIZHONGGUORENYANLISHITONGXIANGGECHUDEDIYIGUAN,TAYUSHIZHUYIQIEDEKAISHI。TAOFU、MENSHEN、CHUNLIAN、JIANJI……DOUSHIYUANYUANLIUCHANG、NEIHANFENGFUDEMENWENHUAZHONGDEYIKUAIKUAIGUIBAO。

  SHUANGSHANWEIMEN,DANSHANWEIHU,JIAGUWENZIHUAXIALIANGGEXIANGXINGFUHAO。

  GUANYUZHEMENZHEHU,SHIYECENGYUN,ZIYECENGYUE——《SHIJING?CHENFENG》:“HENGMENZHIXIA,KEYIQICHI”;《LUNYU?YONGYE》:“SHUINENGCHUBUYOUHU”?BIESHUONEISHOUCHENGUODEMINGEZHISHIANPINLEJIANDEXIAOLIQU,BIESHUOKONGLAOFUZIDESHEWENBUGUOJIANGLEJUDASHIHUA。

  ZHEBIANSHIMEN。CONG《SHIJING》DE“HENGMENQICHI”,DAO《JINSHU》DE“KANGZHICHAIMEN”。GUDAIDEQINGPINZHEMINGZHIZIWEI。HENGMUWEIMENDEJIEMEN,JIANLOUMA?RANER,QUEFAZHANCHUFULIDEYIZHI。TABUJINYANSHENGLELIULIDE、YANCAIDEPAIFANG,HUANYANBIANCHUDIWANGMENQIANDELIANQUE。YINCI,YUEFEIZHUANGHUAIJILIEDE《MANJIANGHONG》CAIYIN“CHAOTIANQUE”。RUOWENLIANQUEDEJIZHI,QINGKANMINGQINGGUGONGDEWUMEN。

  ZHEBIANSHIHU。MINYISHIWEITIAN,YIJUWEIAN。JUDEYAOSUSHAOBULEMENHU,HUANSHINEIJUHUA,“SHUINENGCHUBUYOUHU”?DAOLIYUESHIJIANDANYUEKENENGBAOYUNFENGFU。BUXINQINGDU《YIJING》SUOYAN:“HEHUWEIZHIKUN,PIHUWEIZHIQIAN,YIHEYIPIWEIZHIBIAN,WANGLAIBUQIONGWEIZHITONG。”BUZHEBUKOU,YIRANSHIZHEXUEDEMINGTI。

  BODAJINGSHENDEZHONGHUAWENHUA,JIANGXUXUDUODUOSHIWUXUNTAODEWENCAIXUANLAN,ZHEYINGZHUZIJIDEBODAJINGSHEN。YOUGUANMENDEWENHUAJISHIRUCI。

  MEN,JISHIFANGWUDEWAIYANZHUANGXIU,YOUSHIDULIDEJIANZHU-YIMINJUDEGUNJIMENLOU、LIXIANGDECHANGHE、SIMIAODESHANMEN、DOUYIDECHENGMENLOUZI。DUTEDEZHONGGUOJIANZHU。HUA,YIN“MEN”ERYIFADUTE。GONGMENSHANGJUDADEMENDING,HENGJIUZONGJIU,JIUJIUBASHIYIMEI,RUTULIDEWENZI,NONGSUOLEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUADEYIPIANDAWENZHANG。ZHAIMENSHANGMENSHENWEIWU,SHUANGSHUANGBAMEN,JIANGYUANGUXIANMINGUANYUSHENHUASHIJIEDECHANGXIANG,JINGGUOMANCHANGSHIGUANGDEQIANSIBAIHUI,DINGGAOWEISHENPIJIAZHOUDEMOYANG。MENQIANSHISHI,HEWEI“SHISANTAIBAO”?“TAISHANSHIGANDANG”,HEDE“YIHANMINJU”DEGONGNENG;SUYANDAO“ZHURUMEN,BAIFUZHEN”,TIANZENGSUIYUERENZENGSHOUDEJIERILI,TUOJUBAOPENDEFEIZHUGONGMENJIANZHI,TIESHANGLEWUMEN。PIXIEYA,QIFUYA,QUEYA,YINGXIANGYA,MENYOUZUOLEGUFENGJINSUDEZHANTAI。

  RUBIYOUZHI,CHUBIYOUZHI,YUSHI,LISHIDEFENGFENGYUYU,MENZONGYAOSHOUDANGQICHONG。TANGCHUDELISHIMIN,BUSHIDAOYANGUOYICHUSHAXIONGBIFUDEXUANWUMENZHIBIANMA?“TIANZIWUMEN”,SUOPUZHANGDE,JUEBUZHISHIDIWANGDEPAICHANG。LAOBAIXINGZEPAN“YEBUBIHU”,QINGPINGSHIJIE。YUCIXINGCHENGFANCHA,SHIGUANFUDEFENGTIAOZAIMENSHANSHANGDACHACHA。SHEJIBEIJINGGUCHENGDEYUHUI,ZHENGYANGMENRENCHENGQIANMEN,XIANGDUIYU“QIAN”,GAIYOUGEHOUMEN。YOUDE,DIANMEN。MAODUNDEDUILITONGYI,GOUCHENGLEDUHUI。QIAN、HOUMEN,GONG、SIMEN,GAOSHANGYUZHENGZHI,DIBEIYUWEILOU,JIEZHU“MEN”,LIANGLEXIANG。

  中國的門,也派生出“芝麻開門”的故事。中國的門,更創造出離鑿龍門鯉魚跳的傳說。前者反映了探索者的精神需求,后者表現了超越自我的渴望。中國的門,還編排出鬼門關的迷信,嚇唬愚昧的膽小的人。門占盡了出入口的“區位”優勢,門總是引人注目的。

| 發布時間:2011.12.24    來源:    查看次數:2815